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Human Nature

September 7, 1974

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The relationship of self-esteem and the development of interpersonal spacing in elementary school age children

August 9, 2017

 

Year: 1975

 

Research Problem: To determine three experimental hypotheses:

1) each grade level in the study will show greater physical distances in interpersonal spacing as the grade level increases in both child-to- child and child-to- adult relationships,

2) interpersonal spacing will be greater in child-to- adult relationships than in child-to- child relationships than in child-to- child relationships, and

3) there will be a correlation between a child’s self-esteem and his interpersonal spacing in both child-
to-child and child-to- adult relationships.

 

Methods: Two basic instruments were used in testing the hypotheses:

1) Interpersonal Spacing Measuring Apparatus and

2) modified Self-Esteem Inventory Short Form B. The instruments were administered individually and orally to 133 elementary school age children.

 

Results: The three hypotheses were accepted and significant at better than the .01 level. The correlation coefficients broken down overall and by the grade level indicated that as the self-esteem of the child increased, the interpersonal spacing in both child-to- child and child-to- adult relationships decreased.

 

Conclusion: The results of this study add to the body of knowledge available to those persons interested in a child’s development of interpersonal spacing and the relationships of self-esteem and interpersonal spacing in elementary school age children.

 

https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc663437/m2/1/high_res_d/1002773513-Baker.pdf

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